HIV/AIDS and Medical Cannabis


Recent studies have found that medical cannabis is effective in treating the symptoms caused by HIV/AIDS.

Medical Cannabis as a Component of an HIV/AIDS Treatment Regimen

Neuropathic pain often lowers the quality of life of HIV-infected patients, despite opioid pain management. Cannabinoid receptors located in the peripheral and central nervous system have been found to alleviate the perception of pain.

Another nagging issue for HIV sufferers is nausea and lack of appetite, and the resulting loss in body mass. Many clinical studies have found HIV patients have profound reductions in nausea and increases in appetite. Cachexia, or muscle wasting, is a very common problem among those with the disease. Cannabis therapy has been highly effective in alleviating symptoms of nausea, leading to the maintenance of a healthy weight or even weight gain in those who are already underweight.

CITIVA is interested in expanding upon a recent study conducted by Louisiana State. The study, published in the AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses publication, found that when THC, the active ingredient in cannabis, was given to monkeys over a period of 17 months, it resulted in less damage to the part of the immune system located in the digestive tract. Immune tissue in the gut is a significant site of HIV infection.(http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/aid.2013.0182)

According to the lead author of the study, Dr. Patricia Molina, “It adds to the picture and it builds a little bit more information on the potential mechanisms that might be playing a role in the modulation of the infection.”

It is widely known in the HIV community that many sufferers self-medicate with smoked cannabis. While we understand the desire to seek relief, we hope to provide a more effective, predictable, alternative that retains the medical benefits of natural cannabis. We wish to combine our years of expertise to create a new and natural cannabinoid medicine to treat HIV with a consistent chemical composition and predictable effect.

HIV/AIDS:

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Clinical Studies

Understanding HIV/AIDS

HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a form of virus that focuses on the human immune system. Since the immune system is responsible for repelling diseases, the virus weakens the body and allows opportunistic diseases and infections to affect the individual with the virus.

The actual virus and the infections it leads to are collectively known as HIV. AIDS represents the final stage of HIV and is also known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. People with AIDS are vulnerable to certain forms of cancer that are rare in those without HIV/AIDS. They typically have very low CD4+ cell counts, making them more susceptible to acquiring infections.
It can take a long time for someone with HIV to develop AIDS when left untreated. It normally takes between 10 and 12 years to develop. When HIV is detected before AIDS develops, certain medicines can slow or even stop immune system damage.
Though previously thought to be a fatal condition, modern advancements in antiretroviral medications often allow sufferers to live full lives. However, symptoms must be managed and patients must take extra care with their health, as the disease remains a chronic condition even when well managed.

HIV/AIDS Symptoms

HIV symptoms can vary from person to person, depending upon which stage of the viral infection they happen to be in. Most people will experience flu-like symptoms during the first month of infection. This stage is called a primary HIV infection or Acute Retroviral Syndrome (ARS). At this stage, the body is reacting to the viral infection.

HIV/AIDS symptoms may include:

  • Fever – the symptom seen most often
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pain and discomfort

 

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